Thyroid Care

At Leafcure, Thyroid problems are mainly treated with Siddha Medicines which gives quicker and Successful results. We need to correct the hormonal imbalances in our body.

Thyroid disease is a common problem that can cause symptoms because of over- or under-function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is one of the essential organs for producing thyroid hormones, which maintain are body metabolism. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck below the Adam's apple. Thyroid disease can also sometimes lead to enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck, which can cause symptoms that are directly related to the increase in size of the organ (such as difficulty swallowing and discomfort in front of the neck).

Problems and disorders associated with the thyroid gland include:

  • Overactive thyroid, or hyperthyroidism, can make a person feel nervousness or anxious, be hyperactive and experience unexpected weight loss.
  • Underactive thyroid, or hypothyroidism, can make a person feel tired, put on weight and feel depressed.
  • Goitre is usually harmless swelling of the thyroid gland. The most common cause of goiter worldwide is iodine deficiency in the diet.
  • Thyroid nodules are growths that form on or in the thyroid gland. The causes are not always known but can include iodine deficiency and Hashimoto's disease.
CAUSES

Causes of hyperthyroidism

All types of hyperthyroidism are due to overproduction of thyroid hormones, but the condition can be caused in several ways:

  • Graves' disease. This is an auto-immune condition and is the commonest cause of an overactive thyroid gland.
  • Toxic adenomas. Nodules develop in the thyroid gland and begin to secrete thyroid hormones, upsetting the body's chemical balance. Some goiters may contain several of these nodules.
  • Sub acute thyroiditis. This is where inflammation of the thyroid causes the gland to ‘leak’ excess hormones, resulting in temporary hyperthyroidism. The condition generally lasts a few weeks, but it may persist for months.
  • Pituitary gland malfunctions or cancerous growths in the thyroid gland. In rare cases, hyperthyroidism can also be due to these causes.

Causes of hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism, by contrast, stems from an underproduction of thyroid hormones. Since your body's energy systems require certain amounts of thyroid hormones, a drop in hormone production leads to lower energy levels.

Causes of hypothyroidism include:

  • Hashimoto's disease. In this autoimmune disorde r, the body’s own immune system attacks thyroid tissue, leading to reduced thyroid hormone.
  • Removal of the thyroid gland. The thyroid may be surgically removed or chemically destroyed as a treatment for hyperthyroidism.
  • Exposure to excessive amounts of iodide. Cold and sinus medicines, the heart medicine amiodarone or certain contrast dyes given before X-rays may expose you to too much iodine. You may then be at greater risk of developing hypothyroidism, especially if you have had thyroid problem s in the past.
  • Lithium. This drug has also been linked to hypothyroidism.

Symptoms and Complications

Hypothyroidism results in low levels of T4 and T3 in the blood. Not having enough T4 and T3 in the blood causes your metabolism to slow down.

Common symptoms include:

  • Coarse and dry hair
  • Confusion or forgetfulness (often mistaken for dementia in seniors)
  • Constipation
  • Depression
  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Fatigue or a feeling of sluggishness
  • Hair loss
  • Increased menstrual flow (women)
  • Intolerance to cold temperatures
  • Irritability
  • Muscle cramps
  • Slower heart rate
  • Weakness
  • Weight gain

Hyperthyroidism results in high levels of T4 and T3 circulating in the blood. These hormones speed up your metabolism. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Increased heart rate with abnormal rhythm or pounding (palpitations)
  • High blood pressure
  • Increased body temperature (feeling unusually warm)
  • Increased sweating
  • Clamminess
  • Feeling agitated or nervous
  • Tremors in the hands
  • Feeling of restlessness even though the person is tired or weak
  • Increased appetite accompanied by weight loss
  • Interrupted sleep
  • Frequent bowel movements, sometimes with diarrhea
  • Puffiness around the eyes, increased tears, sensitivity to light, or an intense stare
  • Bone loss (osteoporosis)
  • Stopped menstrual cycles

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